What Countries Are In The Paris Agreement 2020
In June 2017, President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the agreement, but the terms of the agreement meant that the withdrawal would not take effect until November 2020. Although containment and adaptation require increased climate finance, adaptation has generally received less support and mobilized less private sector action.  A 2014 OECD report found that in 2014, only 16% of global financing was dedicated to climate change adaptation.  The Paris Agreement called for a balance between climate finance and mitigation, and in particular highlighted the need to increase adaptation support for parties most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including least developed countries and small island developing states. The agreement also reminds the parties of the importance of public subsidies, as adaptation measures receive less investment from the public sector.  John Kerry, as Secretary of State, announced that the United States would double funding for subsidy-based adjustment by 2020.  In 1992, at the Earth Summit in Rio, Brazil, President George H.W. Bush, along with 107 other heads of state, adopted a number of environmental agreements, including the UNFCCC framework, which is still in force today. The international treaty aims to prevent dangerous human interference in Earth`s climate systems in the long term. The Pact does not set greenhouse gas emission limits for each country and does not include enforcement mechanisms, but rather creates a framework for international negotiations on future agreements or protocols to set binding emission targets. Participating countries meet annually at a Conference of the Parties (COP) to assess their progress and continue discussions on how best to tackle climate change. In September 2019, UN Secretary-General António Guterres convened a climate summit in New York to push countries towards higher ambitions in 2020. The world`s largest emitters have failed to develop substantial plans for major emission reductions, but 65 countries have expressed intention to improve their NDCs by the end of 2020.
With the launch of an “Alliance for Climate Ambition”, 66 countries have announced their intention to develop plans to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. Although the United States and Turkey are not party to the agreement because the countries have not declared their intention to withdraw from the 1992 UNFCCC, as Annex 1 countries to the UNFCCC, they will continue to be required to produce national communications and an annual greenhouse gas inventory.  Reducing greenhouse gas emissions cannot happen overnight; Countries should use their short-term climate plans as stepping stones that can help them achieve a net-zero future. .